Egypt is a country in North Africa rich in culture and steeped in centuries of history.
The great Nile River winds through the country before reaching its final destination, the Mediterranean Sea. Dotted along the Nile, you’ll find magnificent ancient temples such as the Valley of the Kings, the temples of Luxor and Karnak, and Aswan and its Philae temple complex.
Visitors are transported to fascinating bygone eras with wondrous ancient sites and architectural treasures, reliving tales of world-famous pharaohs such as Cleopatra and Tutankhamun.
The history of Egypt has been influenced by a mix of Arabian, African and European civilisations, and it is now a blend of Muslim, Christian and Jewish cultures. It’s important to respect local customs here, such as the covering of shoulders for both men and women, and to dress modestly when visiting religious sites. Before entering a mosque or a private house, shoes should be removed.
To the north of Egypt, the port city of Alexandria exudes Old World charm and a relaxed Mediterranean seaside ambience with cafés and museums. Fringing Egypt’s east coast, the clear waters of the Red Sea delight diving and snorkelling enthusiasts with a colourful and plentiful variety of fish. Sharm el Sheikh and Hurghada are the most popular beach resort towns.
Sitting on the eastern banks of the Nile River, the capital Cairo is one of the largest cities in Africa, and began as a key link city on the east-west spice route in the 15th Century.
The city stands in the shadows of the three majestic Giza Pyramids – one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World – honoring ancient Pharaohs dating back to 2,584 BC. You can take a guided tour inside the narrow tunnels of the pyramids, as well as book a quad-biking tour over the surrounding dusty terrain. For panoramic views of the pyramids and the sprawling metropolis, head to the observation deck of the 187-metre-high Cairo Tower.
Top things to do in Egypt include taking a cruise on a traditional felucca boat, visiting the Egyptian Museum with its ancient artefacts including Tutankhamun’s mask, and haggling at the medieval Khan al-Khalili market.
Some of the best Egyptian cuisine can be found in street stalls selling fresh falafel or sweet fiteer pancakes, or you can veer off the main streets to discover the aromas and flavours at souks such as the indoor Bab al-Luq.