The historic center was the foundation for the original Aztec city Tenochtitlán. Today it is home to buildings both new and old, some dating back to when the Spanish rebuilt the city in 1521.
Downtown revolves around the main plaza, called the Zócalo, the largest plaza in Latin America. This plaza is bordered by Palacio Nacional (containing a museum and offices of various government officials including the president) Cathedral Metropolitana, and Templo Mayor (one of the main Aztec temples).
Head a few blocks west and you will reach Palacio de Bellas Artes, the most important cultural center in the country, and Alameda Central, a recently revamped park with fountains and statues.
La Condesa is one of the most fashionable and popular places in the city, particularly with young people and expats. Consisting of mainly attractive houses, small apartment buildings, bars, and restaurants, the area has a calmer, more laid-back atmosphere than much of the city.
This southern borough retains the charm of its former days through its cobbled streets and colonial-style homes. Although quiet during the week, it becomes a top spot for tourists and residents during the weekends for its numerous shops, restaurants, cafés, and museums — most importantly, the former home of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo.
Located in the southeast corner of Mexico City, Milpa Alta is the second largest of the 16 boroughs but has the smallest population. Although it is geographically part of the city, it is very rural and has a provincial feel. There is a strong emphasis on tradition both in family life and culture; for instance, the borough holds around 700 festivals a year for religious and secular purposes including saints, the Day of the Dead, Holy Week, and several national foods.
Mexico City is a diverse and interesting place that encompasses every aspect of the national culture. From museums and historical points of interest to markets and festivals, it is a place that truly has something for everyone.
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